Average wholesale used vehicle prices in Canada remained almost flat this past week, however, there was a slight decline in prices similar to the prior week’s performance. This week’s declines in prices were far better than seasonal norms (2017-2019) for the overall market, as well as for Car and Truck/SUV segments. Furthermore, this past week’s price decline is also much improved from the same week last year, which we continue to view as an early sign that dealers are beginning to stock up on product for the spring.
• Used cars posted a weekly change of -0.09% last week, almost unchanged relative to the preceding week’s decline of -0.08%. • Near Luxury Cars led increases last week with a +0.16% gain. • The Premium Sporty Car (+0.04%), Compact Car (+0.02%), and Luxury Car (+0.02%) segments saw marginal increases. • The Sub-Compact Car (-0.66%) segment led the declines again this week, followed by the Mid-Size Car (-0.61%) and Full-Size Car (- 0.33%) segments. • Prestige Luxury Car (-0.28%) and Sporty Car (-0.26%) also declined for the week.
• The average decline in Truck values for the week was -0.06%, slightly better than the decline from the prior week (-0.13%). • Sub-Compact Luxury Crossovers posted the largest increase for the week at +0.56%, followed by the Mid-Size Luxury Crossover/SUVs with an increase of +0.20%. • The largest decline came from Compact Crossover/SUVs, which declined by -0.46%, followed by Full-Size Vans (-0.29%), Compact Vans (-0.29%), Full-Size Pickups (-0.27%) and Minivans (-0.24%).
Used Retail Prices & Listing Volumes
Listing prices took another slight dip last week after the strong run of increasing average retail listing prices that began in September 2020. Although average listing prices ended the week down at around $24,950 (28-day moving average), average listing prices are still above listing prices from the same week last year. This analysis is based on approximately 130,000 vehicles listed for sale on Canadian dealer lots.
As we head into the spring season, the seasonal trend would point to prices continuing to rise. There is still uncertainty around the impact of current stay-at-home orders and social distance measures, and the degree to which these measures may cool the spring selling season. However, Canadian Black Book continues to monitor the potential impact from the chip shortage on new vehicle inventory that will most likely continue to push used vehicle demand up, and therefore stronger retail prices in the short term.
While the general shortage of used product in the market remains, we continue to see a steady increase in the number of vehicles listed for sale as shown in the graph below (right). Active listing volume continues its upward trend that began in the fall of 2020 and is currently above 130,000 units, well above the trough in late August of 110,000 units.
The CBB Listing Volume Index continues to show that the market is at a higher level compared to this time in 2020, yet far below stock levels available in 2019. And given the potential softening in the new vehicle market (chip shortage), we expect slower February new vehicle sales, which will reduce the number of used trade-ins, further depleting the influx of used inventory. Tight used vehicle inventory levels will continue to be a key factor in the near-term.
Auction activity was strong this past week, with increased bidding activity and improved conversion rates. After weeks of milder activity, the level of buyer interest improved and
gave some signs that the Canadian market may be seeing early signs of Spring.
The CBB analyst team continued to see variability in success among lanes last week, with some lanes surpassing the 70% conversion mark, while others did not make it past 30%. However, lower sales rates were seen on fewer lanes this past week, with most seeing greater than 50%. Sellers are still holding firm to floors, but buyers are showing more willingness to increase bids to ensure they are the successful bidder.
With the US market remaining strong and the exchange rate favourable to exportation, buyers exporting vehicles to the US has remained on par with pre-COVID levels.
Canadian Black Book’s Market Insights
Economics & Government
• In the past week Canada reported 18,804 new COVID cases, a decrease of 23%, and active cases declined by 11%. Hospitalization declined by 16% and ICU beds declined by 11%. Some health experts are urging Provinces not to lift COVID restrictions to early, due to the new variants. • As of February 15, travellers entering Canada by land must provide proof of a valid COVID-19 molecular test, with results taken in the U.S. at the border. Commercial trucks are exempt from these measures. • Some regions in Ontario are returning to colour coded restrictions this week. York Region is scheduled for February 22, colour code is still to be determined.
• This past week, both U.S. Car and Truck segments saw wholesale values continue to increase as auction activity showed continued signs of an early Spring market. • Car segments increased in value by 0.39%, compared to 0.23% the week prior. o Compact Cars, a segment that traditionally sees increased demand as a result of Spring and tax season buying, has been seeing continual increases in recent week. This past week was no different with the rate of increase growing to exceed 1% (compared to 0.77% the week prior). o The Near Luxury Car segment was the only Car segment to see a decline last week, but it was minimal at -0.07%. • Truck segments increased by 0.22%, compared to 0.09% the prior week. o The entry level crossover segments, Sub-Compact and Compact, are gaining steam with increased rates of appreciation this past week. The price point makes them a desirable option for dealers preparing for the Spring/tax season market. o Sub-Compact Luxury Crossovers have been on an upswing in valuations in recent weeks, but last week values took a dip as the available volume on the lanes increased.
• NADA looked different this year as it went all virtual, but much of the same content and access to vendors was made available to attendees. Some of the news highlights from the week: o Genesis announced the coming of a new BEV crossover, to be called GV60, that is expected to be launched at the end of the year. o Ford announced plans in the electrified commercial space, through their release of the Transit and F-150. The E-Transit is set to go on sale later this year and the electrified F-150 will come out in 2022. o Volkswagen’s expectations for the year are high as they are looking for their new crossovers, Taos and ID.4 being the newest entries, to give them a boost in sales. • The impacts of the global microchip shortage are growing each week. This past week, GM announced further impacts on production, with some facilities now seeing disruptions lasting into March. Help is hopefully on the way as the Biden administration vowed last week to take action to support domestic automotive manufacturing.
About Canadian Black Book
For 60 years, Canadian Black Book has been the trusted and unbiased Canadian automotive industry source for vehicle values. Today the company has grown into a leading data provider of vehicle valuations, residual value forecast solutions and VIN decoding. Canadian Black Book tools and information are considered ‘The Authority’ for vehicle values not only by car dealers and manufacturers, but also the leasing, finance, insurance, and wholesale sectors. In 2021, Canadian Black Book is bringing to market its Enhanced Vehicle Matching (EVM) solution, which will allow the industry to more consistently decode 17-digit VINs down to a specific trim package, allowing a more precise vehicle valuation.
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